The Christian view of voluntary charity could hardly differ more from the socialist vision of mandatory government redistribution of wealth.
Acton Institute ([link removed] )
Is Raphael Warnock right that ‘the early church was a socialist church’? ([link removed] )
By Rev. Ben Johnson
AP_21003861087881 ([link removed] )
Raphael Warnock, the Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate in Georgia, believes that the Bible teaches socialism and that embracing a Marxist economic platform “actually makes you a Christian.”
In a sermon ([link removed] ) delivered in 2016 in Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church, Warnock chided that “evangelicals who stand on the Bible” but reject socialism need to “go back and read the Bible.”
Warnock told his flock:
The early church was a socialist church. I know you think that’s an oxymoron, but the early church was much closer to socialism than to capitalism. Go back and read the Bible. I love to listen to evangelicals who stand on the Bible. Well, they had all things in common. They took everything – I’m just preaching the Bible – they took all of their things and they had all things in common. But even the folk who say they just follow every word of the Bible, they’re not about to do that. But if we would just share what we have, everybody can eat, everybody ought to have water, everybody ought to have healthcare. It’s a basic principle.
And I don’t mind telling you that those who have more ought to give more. The strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak. And in the nation and in the church, to whom much is given, much is required. We need to level the playing field. And to be concerned about the poor does not make you a socialist; it actually makes you a Christian, and it means that you believe that everybody is a child of God.
Warnock’s statement that politicians should impose the same policies “in the nation and in the church” so conflates the two realms that, were it uttered by a conservative, it would instantly trigger accusations of theocracy.
Warnock’s biblical exegesis and application of this passage are deeply confused. The Christian view of voluntary charity could hardly differ more from the secular, socialist vision of mandatory government redistribution of wealth.
Socialists often cite Acts 4:32-37 ([link removed] ) , which states that immediately after Pentecost no Christian would “say that any of the things he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common. … Nor was there anyone among them who lacked; for all who were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the proceeds of the things that were sold, and laid them at the apostles’ feet; and they distributed to each as anyone had need.” Far from establishing socialism, the Bible highlights the Christian alternative to Marxism.
First, the Bible affirms the right to private property. This passage clearly states that each Christian supported the needy with “the things he possessed.” Socialism by definition ([link removed] ) denies the right to private property and nationalizes all economic activity.
Second, the Apostle Peter underscored the voluntary nature of Christian tithing. Just a few verses later, he upbraided ([link removed] ) Sapphira, who sold her land but held back part of the proceeds: “Was it not your own? And after it was sold, was [the money derived from the sale] not in your own control?” Christians freely give their alms to poor out of love, personally tailoring their intervention to the recipient’s need. Socialism forcibly confiscates other people’s property and distributes it to the well-connected through one-size-fits-all government programs. Even Warnock’s predecessor, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. – who had a complicated view ([link removed] ) of what he deemed “socialism” – described ([link removed] ) the one overriding reason that he rejected ([link removed] ) Marxism: “Man becomes hardly more, in communism, than a depersonalized cog in the turning wheel of the state.” History shows that socialists often feign concern ([link removed] ) for the poor in order to seize church property for their own ends.
Third, Christian charity is administered through the church, not the government. “A close look at that passage will reveal that not only is it not socialism, but it is antithetical to socialism,” said ([link removed] ) a far greater preacher than Warnock, the late Rev. Dr. D. James Kennedy ([link removed] ) , who spoke at the Acton Institute’s first annual dinner. “You’ll notice that they brought the money and they laid it at the feet of – Caesar? Pontius Pilate? No, they laid it at the feet of the apostles.”
Socialism regards all intermediary institutions that stand between the individual and the government as anathema. Marxism, Rev. Kennedy said, teaches that the federal bureaucracy must become the “provider for the needs of people, so they will worship the state” – a statement since verified by social science. Researchers led by Adam Kay of Duke University discovered that church and state have a “hydraulic relationship”: The more people put their faith in one institution, they less they trust the other. His research team concluded ([link removed] ) , “The power and order emanating from God can be outsourced to the government.” Further scholarship reveals that socialism, with its unattainable promises of an earthly utopia, often gradually displaces ([link removed] ) Christians’ belief in God. (See “How socialism causes atheism ([link removed] ) ,” the cover story of the Summer 2019 issue ([link removed] ) of Religion & Liberty ([link removed] ) .)
Fourth, the Bible illustrates how holding all things in common can introduce conflict even into a tiny community of faithful Christians administered by the Apostles themselves. Shortly after Christians chose to share their private property, disputes broke out along nationalist lines. “There arose a complaint against the Hebrews by the Hellenists, because their widows were neglected in the daily distribution” (Acts 6:1 ([link removed] ) ). If a small, relatively homogenous community of Spirit-filled Jewish believers led by actual saints cannot avoid dissension, can a diverse nation of 328 million people that shares no religious or moral common ground fare better?
Fifth, if Jesus intended “socialism” to be the universal way of life “in the nation and in the church,” there’s scarce evidence for it from Christian history. Not a single verse of the Bible commands Christians to pass specific economic legislation or to compel other people to give a cent of their money against their will ([link removed] ) . And world history is devoid of a 2,000-year-old Christian socialist state – an odd state of affairs, since Jesus said ([link removed] ) , “The gates of Hell shall not prevail” against His Body. If a socialist government is an integral part of God’s plan, then it failed – and not merely once, but over and over again.
American history is littered (one can scarcely think of a more appropriate verb) with the bones of failed communes and “voluntary communities” like Robert Owen’s New Harmony, which came crashing down under the weight of free riders. One member wrote, “Instead of striving who should do most, the most industry was manifested in accusing others of doing little.” Other would-be Edens fell through their leaders’ hypocrisy, nepotism, or sexual misconduct.
If Warnock wished to enter a voluntary community where all members hold their goods in common, he could establish one – temporarily. The median existence of early socialist communes amounted to a mere two years ([link removed] ) . “These experiments in socialism did not turn out well, and the idea itself might have wasted away in infancy had it not been taken up by a symbiotic team of unique prophetic power: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels,” wrote Joshua Muravchik in his book Heaven on Earth. “They shifted the basis of socialist hopes from individual experiments to broader historic trends, which fortified it against empirical failure.”
Marxism’s sweeping view of history manifest itself in the church through such varied movements as the Social Gospel, liberation theology, and certain mainline churches choosing to hybridize politics and religion – such as when World Council of Churches financially ([link removed] ) supported Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe ([link removed] ) .
Warnock’s contention that embracing the welfare state “makes you a Christian” is far from the only time his church activity has raised eyebrows. Fidel Castro spoke ([link removed] ) at Abyssinian Baptist Church in 1995 when Warnock served as its youth leader. Warnock evaded ([link removed] ) questions about whether he attended the speech. He greeted Castro’s death with a Bernie Sanders-like appreciation ([link removed] ) of Castro’s “complex ([link removed] ) ” legacy before accusing America of holding “political prisoners.” Dozens of black pastors called Warnock out ([link removed] ) for saying that abortion represents “human agency and freedom ([link removed] ) .”
Georgia’s two run-off elections will determine the balance of the Senate and decide whether the progressive Left can institute such policies ([link removed] ) as packing the Supreme Court ([link removed] ) , abolishing the Senate filibuster, and granting statehood to Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia. The high stakes emphasize how critical it is that religious leaders properly understand the intersection of theology and economics.
Acton Line podcast:
Tim Carney on Alienated America (Rebroadcast) ([link removed] )
January 5, 2021
20210106 ([link removed] )
Today’s episode is a rebroadcast that originally aired in March of 2019, but holds incredible relevance to conversations we’re still having today.
This conversation with Tim Carney, editor at the Washington Examiner and a visiting fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, explores the subject matter of his 2019 book, “Alienated America: Why Some Places Thrive While Others Collapse."
To the extent that the "American Dream" is fading away in parts of the country, the problem isn't pure economics. Nor is it a case of stubborn old white men falling behind because they refuse embrace progress. Carney argues that the root cause of our problems – crumbling families, despair, and political dysfunction – is the erosion of community and local, civil institutions, most especially church. The result of a secularizing country is a plague of alienation for the working class, as people struggle to build families and improve their lives without the support structure they need.
Listen to the episode
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Janaury Acton Lecture Series:
Telos and Markets: Aristotle, Burke, and Hayek on the Role of Economics in the Wider Social Order ([link removed] )
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Please join us in welcoming our 2020 Novak Award recipient, Gregory Collins, as our first Acton Lecture Series speaker for the 2021 season.
Drawing out some important themes of his recently published book on Edmund Burke’s economic thought, Commerce and Manners in Edmund Burke’s Political Economy, Gregory M. Collins will explain whether Burke overcame perhaps the most powerful moral and metaphysical objection to commercial exchange: that the never-ending process of economic satisfaction is fundamentally at odds with the good life.
This lecture is livestream only. A free livestream of this lecture will be available to view @ 12 noon Eastern on January 27.
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‘Amen and awoman’: Emanuel Cleaver’s prayer mocks U.S. civil religion ([link removed] )
There has been a lot of social media hubbub about Congressman Emanuel Cleaver’s recent prayer in the U.S. House of Representatives, which he closed with “amen and awoman,” apparently striving to be gender inclusive. He omitted atransgender.
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